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  • Writer's pictureClay Anderson

Book Review of Mistress of Life and Death by Susan Eischeid

Mistress of Life and Death is a historical account focusing on the life of Maria Mandl, a notorious figure known for her role as the head overseer of the women's camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau during the Holocaust. Susan J. Eischeid delves deep into Mandl's life, tracing her journey from her early days to her rise within the ranks of the SS and becoming one of the most feared and brutal individuals in the concentration camp system.


Eischeid's book is meticulously researched, combining historical documentation, survivor testimonies, and psychological analysis to paint a portrait of Maria Mandl. The author approaches the subject with a clear structure, dividing the book into sections that cover different periods of Mandl's life and career. Eischeid's style is scholarly yet accessible, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding of the historical context and the personal dynamics that shaped Mandl's actions.


The book begins with an exploration of Mandl's early life in Austria, her family background, and the socio-political climate that may have influenced her. It then moves on to her entry into the Nazi party and her quick ascent to power within the concentration camp system. Eischeid outlines how Mandl's personality traits and belief in the Nazi ideology contributed to her rise.


The core of the book focuses on Mandl's tenure at Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she oversaw the daily operations of the women's camp. Eischeid provides a chilling account of the atrocities committed under Mandl's command, including selections for the gas chambers, brutal punishments, and the psychological torment she inflicted on the prisoners. The author does not shy away from detailing the horrors, but she does so with a sense of respect for the victims and a commitment to historical accuracy.


In addition to describing the events, Eischeid also delves into the psyche of Mandl, analyzing her motivations and the mechanisms of power and control she wielded. The author examines the complex relationship between Mandl and the female prisoners, including the power dynamics, the manipulation, and the rare moments of contradiction in Mandl's behavior.


The book concludes with the post-war period, discussing Mandl's capture, trial, and execution, and reflecting on the legacy of her crimes. Eischeid also touches upon the broader implications of Mandl's life story for understanding the nature of evil and the capacity for human cruelty.


Eischeid's Mistress of Life and Death is a significant contribution to Holocaust literature, providing a detailed look at one of its lesser-known perpetrators. The book stands out for its nuanced approach to a difficult subject, as the author avoids a one-dimensional portrayal of Maria Mandl. Instead, Eischeid offers a multifaceted image, grounding Mandl's actions in the historical and psychological context that shaped them.

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